|Citizen radio science: an analysis of Amateur Radio transmissions with e-POP RRI
|Year of Publication
|Perry, GW, Frissell, NA, Miller, ES, Moses, M, Shovkoplyas, A, Howarth, AD, Yau, AW
|Citizen Science, ionosphere, Radio Propagation, Radio Science, Satellite
We report the results of a radio science experiment involving citizen scientists conducted on 28 June 2015, in which the Radio Receiver Instrument (RRI) on the Enhanced Polar Outflow Probe (e-POP) tuned-in to the 40 and 80 m Ham Radio bands during the 2015 American Radio Relay League (ARRL) Field Day. We have aurally decoded the Morse coded call signs of 14 Hams (amateur operators) from RRI's data to help ascertain their locations during the experiment. Through careful analysis of the Hams' transmissions, and with the aid of ray tracing tools, we have identified two notable magnetoionic effects in the received signals: plasma cutoff and single-mode fading. The signature of the former effect appeared approximately 30 seconds into the experiment, with the sudden cessation of signals received by RRI despite measurements from a network of ground-based receivers showing that the Hams' transmissions were unabated throughout the experiment. The latter effect, single-mode fading, was detected as a double-peak modulation on the individual “dots” and “dashes” of one the Ham's Morse coded transmissions. We show that the modulation in the Ham's signal agrees with expected fading rate for single-mode fading. The results of this experiment demonstrate that Ham Radio transmissions are a valuable tool for studying radio wave propagation and remotely sensing the ionosphere. The analysis and results provide a basis for future collaborations in radio science between traditional researchers in academia and industry, and citizen scientists in which novel and compelling experiments can be performed.