Bibliography of Ham Radio in Professional Scientific Literature

  • This page is only for peer-reviewed, scientific publications that use amateur radio data or techniques.
  • For a bibliography of HamSCI generated material, including conference presentations and magazine articles, please go to our Publications Page.
  • To submit a reference, please use the HamSCI Peer Reviewed Literature Search form.

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Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Chartier, A., Steele, J., Sugar G., Themens, D., Vines, S., Huba, J., "Validating Ionospheric Models Against Technologically Relevant Metrics", Space Weather, vol. 21, no. 12,

Collins, K., A. Montare, N. Frissell and D. Kazdan, "Citizen Scientists Conduct Distributed Doppler Measurement for Ionospheric Remote Sensing," in IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 19, pp. 1-5, 2022, Art no. 3504605, doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2021.3063361.

Collins, K., Kazdan, D., and Frissell, N. A. (2021), Ham radio forms a planet-sized space weather sensor network, Eos, 102,

Cushley, A. C., & Noel, J.-M. (2020). Ionospheric sounding and tomography using Automatic Identification System (AIS) and other signals of opportunity. Radio Science, 55, e2019RS006872.

Deacon, C., Witvliet, B. A., Mitchell, C., & Steendam, S. (2021). Rapid and Accurate Measurement of Polarization and Fading of Weak VHF Signals Obliquely Reflected from Sporadic-E Layers. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 69(7), 4033-4048.

Deacon, Chris, Cathryn Mitchell, and Robert Watson. 2022. "Consolidated Amateur Radio Signal Reports as Indicators of Intense Sporadic E Layers" Atmosphere 13, no. 6: 906.

Dora, V. della. (2023). From the Radio Shack to the Cosmos: Listening to Sputnik during the International Geophysical Year (1957–1958). Isis, 114(1), 123–149.

Robert T. Duquet (1959) Meteorology and Amateur Radio, Weatherwise, 12:3, 104-108, DOI: 10.1080/00431672.1959.10543798

Ferrell, O. Enhanced Trans-Equatorial Propagation following Geomagnetic Storms. Nature 167, 811–812 (1951).

Frissell, N. A., E. S. Miller, S. R. Kaeppler, F. Ceglia, D. Pascoe, N. Sinanis, P. Smith, R. Williams, and A. Shovkoplyas (2014), Ionospheric sounding using real-time amateur radio reporting networks, Space Weather, doi:10.1002/2014SW001132.

Frissell N.A. et al.. (2018), Modeling Amateur Radio Soundings of the Ionospheric Response to the 2017 Great American Eclipse, Geophys. Res. Lett., 45, doi:10.1029/2018GL077324.

Frissell, N. A., Vega, J. S., Markowitz, E., Gerrard, A. J., Engelke, W. D., Erickson, P. J., et al (2019). High Frequency Communications Response to Solar Activity in September 2017 as Observed by Amateur Radio Networks. Space Weather, 17.

Frissell, N. A., Kaeppler, S. R., Sanchez, D. F., Perry, G. W., Engelke, W. D., Erickson, P. J., et al. (2022). First observations of large scale traveling ionospheric disturbances using automated amateur radio receiving networks. Geophysical Research Letters, 49, e2022GL097879.

Gerson, N.C.,Sporadic E propagation, Journal of Atmospheric and Terrestrial Physics, Volume 6, Issues 1–6, 1955, Pages 113-116,ISSN 0021-9169, doi:10.1016/0021-9169(55)90016-7.

Gibbons, J., Collins, K., Kazdan, D., & Frissell, N. (2022). Grape Version 1: First prototype of the low-cost personal space weather station receiver. HardwareX, 11, e00289.

Kennedy, J. R., and J. J. Schauble (1970), Preliminary results of a radio absorption study at 3.5 mhz, Nature, 226, 1118, doi:10.1038/2261118a0.

Lo, Sam, Nikola Rankov, Cathryn Mitchell, Benjamin Axel Witvliet, Talini Pinto Jayawardena, Gary Bust, William Liles, and Gwyn Griffiths. 2022. "A Systematic Study of 7 MHz Greyline Propagation Using Amateur Radio Beacon Signals" Atmosphere 13, no. 8: 1340.

Perry, G. W., Frissell, N. A., Miller, E. S., Moses, M., Shovkoplyas, A., Howarth, A. D., & Yau, A. W. (2018). Citizen radio science: an analysis of Amateur Radio transmissions with e‐POP RRI. Radio Science, 53. Free preprint:

Smith Jr. Ernest K., (1968), A Suggested Conjugate Point Dependence for Intense Temperate Latitude Sporadic E, Radio Science, 3, doi:10.1002/rds196837687. (See Figure 1.)

Southworth, M. P. (1960), Night-time equatorial propagation at 50 Mc/s: First results from an IGY amateur observing program, J. Geophys. Res., 65( 2), 601– 607, doi:10.1029/JZ065i002p00601.

Vanhamel, Jurgen, Walter Machiels, Hervé Lamy, "Using the WSPR Mode for Antenna Performance Evaluation and Propagation Assessment on the 160-m Band", International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, vol. 2022, Article ID 4809313, 10 pages, 2022.

Walden, M. C. (2012), Comparison of propagation predictions and measurements for midlatitude HF near-vertical incidence sky wave links at 5 MHz, Radio Sci., 47, RS0L09, doi:10.1029/2011RS004914.

Walden, M. C. "High-Frequency Near Vertical Incidence Skywave Propagation: Findings associated with the 5 MHz Experiment.," in IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 16-28, Dec. 2016, doi:10.1109/MAP.2016.2609798.

Witvliet, BA, RM Alsina-Pagès, "Radio communication via Near Vertical Incidence Skywave propagation: an overview," Springer Telecommunication Systems, 2017, doi:10.1007/s11235-017-0287-2.

Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, GJ Petersen, AJ Westenberg, "Impact of a solar X-flare on NVIS propagation: daytime characteristic wave refraction and nighttime scattering," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 58 (6): 29-37, 2016, doi:10.1109/MAP.2016.2609678.
Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, GJ Petersen, AJ Westenberg, MJ Bentum, "Near Vertical Incidence Skywave propagation: elevation angles and optimum antenna height for horizontal dipole antennas," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 57 (1): 129-146, 2015, doi:10.1109/MAP.2015.2397071.

Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, GJ Petersen, AJ Westenberg, MJ Bentum, "Measuring the isolation of the circularly polarized characteristic waves in NVIS propagation [Measurements Corner]," IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine 57 (3): 120-145, 2015, doi:10.1109/MAP.2015.2445633.

Peer Reviewed Conference Papers

Liles, W., Mitchell, C., Cohen, M., Earle, G., Frissell, N., Kirby-Patel, K., Lukes, L., Miller, E., Moses, M., Nelson, J., and Rockway, J., “On the use of solar eclipses to study the ionosphere”, in 15th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium IES2017, Alexandria, VA, 2017, URL:

Walden, MC, "Comparison of Propagation Predictions and Measurements for Mid-Latitude HF NVIS Links at 5 MHz", 13th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium (IES2011), Alexandria, VA, USA, 17-19 May 2011 (This conference paper formed the basis for the paper in Radio Science.)

Walden, MC, "A comparison of measurements and propagation simulations for mid-latitude HF NVIS links at 5 MHz during sunspot minima", 9th Nordic HF Conference (HF 10), Faro, Sweden, 17-19 August 2010, URI:

Walden, MC, "The extraordinary wave mode: Neglected in current practical literature for HF NVIS communications", IET 11th International Conference on Ionospheric Radio Systems and Techniques (IRST 2009), Edinburgh, UK, 28-30 April 2009.

Witvliet, BA, GJ Laanstra, E van Maanen, RM Alsina-Pagès, MJ Bentum, CH Slump, R Schiphorst, "A transportable hybrid antenna-transmitter system for the generation of elliptically polarized waves for NVIS propagation research," European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Davos, Switzerland, 2016, doi:10.1109/EuCAP.2016.7481549.

Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, GJ Petersen, AJ Westenberg, MJ Bentum, "Characteristic wave diversity in Near Vertical Incidence Skywave propagation," European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Lisbon, Portugal, 2015, URI:
Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, MJ Bentum, CH Slump, R Schiphorst, "A novel method for the evaluation of polarization and hemisphere coverage of HF radio noise measurement antennas," IEEE International Symposium on Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC), Dresden, Germany, 2015, doi:10.1109/ISEMC.2015.7256174.
Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, GJ Petersen, AJ Westenberg, MJ Bentum, "The  importance of circular polarization for diversity reception and MIMO in NVIS propagation," European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), The Hague, The Netherlands, 2014, doi:10.1109/EuCAP.2014.6902407.

Witvliet, BA, E van Maanen, MJ Bentum, CH Slump, R Schiphorst, "Novel method to measure the gain of UHF directional antennas using distance scan," European Conference on Antennas and Propagation (EuCAP), Den Haag, The Netherlands, 2014, doi:10.1109/EuCAP.2014.6901775.

PhD Dissertations

Frissell, N.A., Ionospheric Disturbances: Midlatitude Pi2 Magnetospheric ULF Pulsations and Medium Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances, PhD Dissertation, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, 2016, URI:

Witvliet, BA, Near Vertical Incidence Skywave - Interaction of antenna and propagation mechanism, PhD dissertation, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands: 1-200, 2015, doi:10.3990/1.9789036539388.

Masters Theses

Kasturi, Prajwal M., "Determination of Ionospheric Current Systems by Measuring the Phase Shift on Amateur Satellite Frequencies" (2013). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 1521,

Other Professional Publications

Collins, K.,Kazdan, D., and Frissell, N. A. (2021), Ham radio forms a planet-sized space weather sensor network, Eos, 102, Published on 09 February 2021.